In Future Indefinite or Simple Future tense we talk about any action that is going to take place in future but there is no reference to the continuity or completion.
1. I shall manage my affairs.
2. They will consider my application.
3. We shall attend the seminar.
4. It will rain tomorrow.
5. They will recommend my proposal.
Helping verbs (auxiliaries)
In American English they don’t use shall rather will in all cases. Helping verbs below are of British English for they use shall also.
Subjects to be used with
|Shall||I and we|
|Will||with all subjects excluding I and we.|
Examples of shall
1. I shall come on next Sunday.
2. We shall train him to our best.
3. We shall go to library after this period.
Examples of will
1. They will trap you.
2. Doctor will examine him.
3. Students will come on Monday.
Form of the verb
Form of verb
Subjects to be used with
|1st form||with all subjects|
1. I shall continue working here.
2. They will ask about it.
3. We shall take rest after jogging.
4. You will take your appointment with the doctor.
5. She will not come on Saturday.
Shall and will interchange
It is mentioned that shall is used with I and we which are 1st person pronouns and with the other subjects we use will, but these helping verbs are interchanged when we need to stress our sentence.
1. I will come to you. (It means coming to you is definite)
2. It shall be considered as final.
3. They shall receive you on the airport.
Negative, interrogative and Negative plus Interrogative sentences
Negative: Will not (won’t), shall not (shan’t)
We shall not invite him.
He will not steal anything now.
They will not feel well.
You will not come here again.
Simon will not talk to him as he always does.
They will not swim across the river.
She will not despise poor people.
They will not build castles in air.
You will not meet him today.
He will not understand this thing.
Interrogative: Will or shall at the beginning of sentence.
Will you come in time?
Will he come to see me?
Shall we go on his birthday?
Shall I invite him?
Will you come up to my expectations?
Will he climb up?
Will you wake her up?
Will you give me a class of water?
Will she go to see her father?
Shall we excuse him?
Negative plus interrogative: Will or shall at beginning of the sentence and not before the main verb.
Will he not accept this?
Will you not choose?
Shall I not go for a walk?
Shall we not attend his lecture?
Will they not come to join us?
Lesson in nutshell
• Future indefinite talks about verbal action in future time.
• shall: with I, we
• will: all others
• Form of the verb: present form
• Negative:shall/will not
• Interrogative: shall/will at the beginning of the sentence